The story behind the holiday, and the traditions
Hanukkah is a Jewish holiday celebrated for eight days.
These days are called - acknowledgment days יְמֵי הוֹדָאָה (yemei hodaah)
(these are special days in the Hebrew calendar, set to thank God for the miracles he performed for the people of Israel) In memory of the Hasmoneans' victory in the revolt against the Greeks, the rededication of the Temple, and the Miracle of the jug of oil.
The holiday is celebrated with praise and confession as well as lighting Hanukkah candles, on the eight days. So why do we celebrate Hanukkah? Background and History:
Antiochus IV, who headed the Seleucid kingdom, which ruled over the Land of Israel, was one of the most powerful kings in the East.
In 167 BC Antiochus IV decreed religious decrees imposed on the Jews.
These decrees were an extraordinary event in the history of the religions in the West, and they were the immediate motive for the outbreak of the Hasmonean Revolt - מֶרֶד הַחַשְׁמוֹנָאִים (mered hac'hasmonayim)
The decrees were intended to prevent the observance of the mitzvot מִצְווֹת