Updated: Jun 15, 2020
What is Rosh Hashanah?
Rosh Hashana is the first holiday on the month of “Tishrei” (תשרי) and marks the beginning of a new Hebrew year ( שנה עברית חדשה - shanah ivrit hadasha) . In the Jewish tradition, Rosh Hashanah is not only the beginning of the year, but also the Rosh Hashana = the Head of the year , a place of thought, strength and life. At that time, according to tradition, the fate of the sons and daughters of man was determined.
Rosh Hashana is a holiday from the Torah, it is celebrated today as a Jewish holiday on the first and second of Tishrei.
The main mitzvas and symbols of the holiday are:
1. Blowing the shofar (לתקוע בשופר litkoa bashofar) : The sages explain that the blowing of the shofar ( שופר) on Rosh Hashanah is intended to awaken the memory ( זיכרון zicaron) of all people and bring them to reflect and regret their sins ( חטאים c’hatayim) .
2. The holiday meal ( ארוחת החג aruc’hat hac’hag) - On the eve of Rosh Hashana, Israel gathers for a family holiday meal. This practice is cross-sectoral in Israel and accepted by religious and secular alike. The family meals are varied and every community and / or family has traditional and accepted foods.